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Edited by Dr Daniella Gonzalez, with contributions from Prof Barbara Bombi (MEMS), Pietro Mocchi (MEMS), Dr Paul Dryburgh (TNA), Dr Dan Gosling (TNA), Dr Marta Musso (King's College London), Dr John Wyatt Greenlee, and Danny Smith (Stanford)

This page contains resources which primarily cover the history of Western Europe within the late-medieval period (broadly spanning the years 1250-1500 AD). Resources relating to the history of Eastern Europe can be found on our new, dedicated page.

Getting Started

Historical Calendar - A multi-country calendar which spans the years 1000 to 2100, allowing for simple movement between the Julian (pre-September 1582) and Gregorian calendars.

Digitised Records, Transcriptions and Translations

Anglo-American Legal Tradition: This site provides digitised copies of medieval and early modern legal documents housed at The National Archives. Records are ordered chronologically in one column and thematically in the other. There are also illustrations, watermarks and poems to view.

The Chancery Corpus: A collection of charters and documents dated between 1302 and 1483, pertaining to the grants and privileges given by the king of France, produced within the French royal chancery. 60,000 pages of this corpus have been rendered searchable through the HIMANIS project, which is funded by the Joint Programming Initiative on Cultural Heritage and Global Change (JPI-CH) of the European Union.

The DALME: This on-going interdisciplinary project has for purpose to improve our understanding of material culture during the late middle ages in Europe through documentary archaeology. Their database comprises of new digital editions and transcriptions of archival documents, such as household or estate inventories, which relates to material culture (including items related to religious devotion, home life, book culture, clothing, etc.). Do read their "project" section for a better understanding of what is available to you and how to browse their rich collections.

Müncher DigitalisierungsZentrum Digitale Bibliothek (MDZ): On this website you will find digitised collections from the Bavarian State Library


Old Maps Online: A handful of digitised manuscripts, which might just be in the right area.

The Online Froissart: Covering the period 1326 to c.1400, Jean Froissart’s Chroniques offer a contemporary prose narrative of the Hundred Years’ War. The Online Froissart Project (OFP) was a collaborative and interdisciplinary project led by Peter Ainsworth and Godfried Croenen, offering chapter summaries of Books I-IV of the Chroniques, together with manuscript transcriptions and facsimiles edited from individual witnesses for comparative, side-by-side reading.


Parliament Rolls of Medieval England (PROME): This provides transcriptions of parliament rolls from 1275 to 1504, thereby covering the reigns of English monarchs from Edward I to Henry VII. Transcriptions are provided in Latin, Anglo Norman and Middle English and are presented parallel to a modern day English translation. There are also introductions available for each parliament roll. This resource can be accessed via Templeman Library’s A-Z of e-resources (Kent login required).


Projects and Databases


Beyond 2022: Ireland's Virtual Record Treasury: This database will provide a Virtual Record Treasury for Irish history, reconstructing the records of the Record Treasury at the Public Record Office of Ireland, which was destroyed in 1922.

Bio-Bibliographical Guide to Medieval and Early Modern Jurists: This is a database on Medieval and Early modern jurists, legal works, printed books and manuscripts. It provides biographical and bibliographical information. It's a transposition and expansion of Kenneth Pennington's 'Medieval and Early Modern Jurists: A Bio-Bibliographical Listing'.

Black Central Europe (1000-1500): “The mission of Black Central Europe is to further knowledge about the Black Diaspora in German-speaking Central Europe in order to challenge racialized presumptions about history, national belonging, and citizenship in the region”. BCE offers resources for teaching and research and facilitates conversation. This page is a collection of primary source material, both literary and historical, which focus on the figure of the “Moor”, on Africa as perceived by medieval Europe, and the intersection between Islam and Christianity.

Deutsche Inschriften Online: An online database compiling over 1,000 inscriptions from the city of Lüneburg in northern Germany, from the 10th century to 1650. Drawn from benefactions, buildings and gravestones, these inscriptions reflect the life of the Lüneburg patrician families during this period. 

England’s Immigrants 1330-1550 | Resident Aliens in the Middle Ages: This database holds the names of 64,000 people who moved to England between the Hundred Years War and the Reformation Document references and document types are also included.

English Eel-Rents: 10th-17th Centuries: This project maps recorded English eel-rents from between the 10th and 17th centuries.


The Gascon Rolls Project 1317-1468: Contains calendars of the Gascon Rolls from 1317-1467, as well as digitised copies of the rolls provided by The National Archives. Introductions to the rolls have also been included. 

The Imprint Project: This is an interdisciplinary project that examines hand marks found on the wax on the reverse of medieval seals to show what sealing practices reveal about the development of administrative and legal practices.

Linguistic Geographies: The Gough Map of Great Britain An interactive, searchable edition of the Gough Map, renowned as one of the earliest maps to depict Britain in a “geographically recognisable form”, accompanied by contextual materials.

Index and Paraphrase of Printed Year Book Reports, 1268-1535: This database provides a comprehensive index of all year book reports printed in the chronological series for all years between 1268 to 1535.

Late Medieval English Magic: Compiled as part of doctoral research by Laura Mitchell (University of Toronto), this project offers a catalogue of late-medieval manuscripts which feature magical charms, conjurations, treatises, recipes and rituals. The catalogue is searchable by library holding and location, and manuscripts are also grouped according to charm type or ingredient.


The Lexis of Cloth and Clothing Project: A database for researching medieval textiles and clothing, and the vocabulary associated with these materials.


Lexis of Cloth and Clothing in Medieval Royal Wardrobe Accounts: This builds on the AHRC-funded project ‘The Lexis of Cloth and Clothing Project’ and examined the clothing worn by the royal family. The project covers the reigns of Edward I, Edward II and Edward III.

Medieval Disabilities Glossary: An in-progress project which provides short descriptions of medieval European perceptions of disabilities with some further reading.

Medieval Graffiti: Developed by the Norfolk Medieval Graffiti Survey, which is still ongoing, this website catalogues the medieval graffiti found in medieval churches in Norfolk. NMGS  offers a detailed bibliography on medieval graffiti on their website which is accessible here.


Mapping the Medieval Countryside Project: A research project creating a digital edition of medieval English Inquisitions Post Mortem (IPMs) from the thirteenth to sixteenth centuries, of which those from 1399 to 1447 are digitised. This resource details lands held by tenants at their death, and is browsable by geographic location, person, or date of Inquisition.

The Medieval and Early Modern Data Bank (Rutgers University): MEMDB contains five large data sets, of which three record currency exchange, and two record price changes, particularly of grain.

Medieval Londoners: This website provides resources for researching medieval London and its inhabitants. An important part of this website is its Medieval Londoners Database (MLD), which details the lives of London's residents from c.1100-1520.


The Northern Way: This is an AHRC funded project and is a searchable index of primary sources that demonstrate what the political activity of the Archbishop of Yorks was from 1306 to 1406. Images of the Archbishops’ registers have been digitised and are available to view here.

RI-Opac: This is a bibliographic database covering medieval studies in all major European languages.

People of 1381: This project provides a detailed interpretation of the Peasants' Revolt of 1381, focusing on the economic, social and political dynamics of the rebellion.


Records of London’s Livery Companies (ROLLCO): A database of the records of the London Livery Companies (trade guilds). From 1400 (quantities of records increase over time). Includes apprentice bonds, and records of people becoming freemen of the companies. Details of apprentices’ backgrounds can be used to study social makeup or migration from the regions.

Sanctuary Seekers in England, 1394-1557: This website provides the stories of those seeking sanctuary between the fourteenth and sixteenth centuries.

The Soldier in Late-Medieval England: A database of all soldiers for whom we have records serving the English crown between 1369 and 1453, in France, in Scotland, Ireland, Wales, and Spain. It includes as much information as the records can give us regarding each man's name, origin, occupation, and service record. The database also includes useful links to other databases that specifically deal with the Agincourt campaign of 1415. 


TNA, E 179 database: This database allows researchers to search taxation records that form part of a class of records known as the ‘King’s Remembrancer’. Here you will find taxation records relating to the laity of England and Wales.


Tudor Chamber Books Project: Offers digitised versions of the King’s Chamber Books from 1485 to 1521. They are searchable in the original Middle English/Latin and in modernised English.


Virtual St Stephen’s: 3D visualisation created to explore the chapel of St Stephen. Maps the story of St Stephen’s from its creation as a royal chapel to its destruction by fire in 1834.

Whittington's Gift: Reconstructing the Lost Common Library of London's Guildhall: A Leverhulme-funded project at both the University of Kent and Queen's University Belfast, that demonstrates that London citizens created new programmes of religious education for the City's clergy and for literate lay communities.

Museum Objects

National Army Museum: This showcases a collection of the Museum’s objects.


Digital Pilgrim Project: A sample of pilgrim badges in the British Museum that have been digitised and can be viewed in 3D.


British History Online: Resource created by the Institute of Historical Research containing over 1,270 volumes on British History. Editions of primary sources can be found here.

Global Medieval Sourcebook: The Global Medieval Sourcebook spans one thousand years (600-1600) of literary production around the world. It contains short texts of broad interdisciplinary interest in a variety of genres, almost all of which have not previously been translated into English.


Internet Archive: Online library of free books, movies, software, music and websites. This resource is particularly useful when searching for volumes of edited primary sources.


Internet Medieval Source Book (Fordham University): This resource supplies copies of already published medieval source books. Short extracts and full size versions of the texts are available.

The Online Books Page: Collection of edited and translated primary sources spanning the medieval and early modern periods

Other Resources

Archives Portal Europe - contains the online catalogues of hundreds of archives in 30 countries across the UK and Europe, as well as the links to the digitised collections when available. Archives Portal Europe makes it possible to search in institutions all over Europe with a single term or topic search.

Corpus Scriptorum Latinorum - a digital library of Latin literature: This is a digital library containing Latin literature from its earliest epigraphic remains to the eighteenth century. 

The Latin Library: Here you will find access to classical texts written in Latin. 

The Medieval Canon Law Virtual Library: Brings together electronic sources for the study of medieval canon law. 

Medieval Genealogy: Has links to web pages containing source material for English genealogy up to 1600. 


The History of Parliament: Provides detailed descriptions of Parliament's history from the thirteenth century to the present day. This database also offers studies on individuals who were elected to Parliament.


Previous Theses

EThOS: Provides a national aggregated record of all doctoral theses awarded by UK Higher Education institutions, and free access to the full text of as many theses as possible.


Open Access Theses and Dissertations (OATD): Indexes records of theses from institutions across the world and provides a simple search interface.


American doctoral Dissertations (EBSCOhost): Access a comprehensive record of dissertations accepted by American universities during that time period, the print index Doctoral Dissertations Accepted by American Universities. Contains more than 172,000 theses and dissertations in total from 1902 to the present.


Resource page updated by Anna-Nadine Pike - last updated 13/03/2022