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With contributions from Dr Edward Roberts (MEMS, University of Kent)
and Dr Robert Gallagher (MEMS, University of Kent)


This list contains resources of various types for the study of the history and literature of the early medieval world (c.300 - c.1100). For language resources and dictionaries, please see the relevant sections of the Medieval Languages page. There will necessarily be some overlap with this page and others, such as Manuscript Studies and Late Medieval History

Getting Started

Historical Calendar - A multi-country calendar which spans the years 1000 to 2100, allowing for simple movement between the Julian (pre-September 1582) and Gregorian calendars.


Anglo-Saxon Canon Law - editions, transcriptions and resources for the study of early English church law.

ARTEM - database of charters preserved in their original form in France from before 1121, including images of many.

Carolingian Canon Law Project - sources and transcriptions of early medieval canon law.

Cartae Cluniacenses Electronicae (CCE) - digital edition of the 5500 charters of the monastery of Cluny.

Cathalaunia - database of early medieval Catalan charters.

Codice diplomatico della Lombardia medievale - electronic editions of charters from Lombardy, 8th to 12th centuries.

Corpus Burgundiae Medii Aevi (CBMA) - full-text editions of sources for the study of medieval Burgundy.

Corpus of Electronic Texts (CELT) - sources for medieval Irish literature and history.

Documents of Early England Data Set (DEEDS) - database of English charters, mostly 9th-13th centuries, including full texts.

Digital Monumenta Germaniae Historica (dMGH) - digitised, searchable version of the MGH, a long-running series of critical editions of sources for medieval European (especially German) history.

Early English Laws - new editions and resources for English legal sources up to Magna Carta (1215).

Epistolae - letters to and from women within the early medieval era, from the 4th to the 13th centuries. Letters appear in both Latin and English translation, and may be searched by both author and recipient.

The Electronic Sawyer - texts and summaries of all charters from England before 1066, including many translations.

Exon: The Domesday Survey of South-West England - An edition, translation, facsimile, description and resource for the study of Exeter Cathedral Library MS 3500 (Exon Domesday), the earliest extant manuscript of William the Conqueror's survey

Istituto Storico Italiano per il Medioevo - vast repository of sources for the history of medieval Italy.

The Languages of Anglo-Saxon Charters - catalogue of Latin and Old English interactions in Anglo-Saxon documents.

Medieval Disabilities Glossary - An in-progress project which provides short descriptions of medieval European perceptions of disabilities with some further reading.

Matthew Paris' Clickable Map - an annotated, fully interactive copy of Matthew Paris’s c. 1250 map of Britain (BL Cotton MS Claudius D VI). This is an ongoing project managed by Dr John Wyatt Greenlee

Open Domesday - Electronic resource for studying The Domesday Book.

Pseudo-Isidore - edition-in-progress of the False Decretals. This will gradually supersede the earlier Projekt Pseudoisidor. See also the False Capitularies of Benedictus Levita.

Databases and repositories

After Empire - HERA-funded project which ran 2016-19 and studied the development of post-Carolingian Europe in c.900-c.1050. Includes maps, images, translations and more.

Chartae Latinae Antiquiores - database of basic info for charters in the ChLA series, which provides facsimile and textual editions of all original charters in European archives up to the year 900.

Clavis Canonum - database of canon law collections from before 1140, whereby one can track the presence of particular canons by searching for the canon's incipit or explicit.

Cartae Europae Medii Aevi (CEMA) - an incredibly comprehensive platform that brings together different resources for the cross-study of medieval charters on a European scale. It offers 270,000 full-texts charters, fully searchable individually and against co-occurrent documents, a catalogue of European diplomatic editions (still being compiled), as well as a library of diplomatic editions in image mode (somewhat similar to what the Internet Archives does) and a great many opportunities to create datasets.

Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity (CSLA) - database covering the development of the cult of saints up to c.700.

Fontes Anglo-Saxonici - database developed by the University of Saint-Andrew’s which covers about 1150 Early medieval texts from England (including by foreign authors) - over 500 texts in Old English and over 600 texts in Latin. Authors range from Abbo to Wulfstan. You can select an early medieval english (or ‘target’) text (whether Old English or Latin) and get a report of all the sources used for it, passage by passage, sometimes phrase by phrase, matched to a precise location in the source text. You can get a summary account of all the different source authors used by a particular Anglo-Saxon author, or of all the sources used for a particular Anglo-Saxon text, and follow up those in which you are interested. It is also possible to pick a text used as a source, and ask for a list of all the Anglo-Saxon texts that used that source, and follow up the examples that interest you.

Geschichtsquellen des deutschen Mittelalters - database of information and bibliography on medieval sources, with a focus on 'Germany' (interpreted broadly).

Kornbluth Photography - images archive of objects, coins, art and more from the Carolingian period.

The Making of Charlemagne's Europe - database of charters issued in the Frankish realm during the reign of Charlemagne (768-814). Includes an introductory guide to the study of early medieval charters.

Manchester Eleventh-Century Spellings Project - a database developed by Professor Donald Scragg, and after a period of inactivity revived by Dr Mark Faulkner. The database comprises 1800 texts drawn from 249 sources, along with 978 transcriptions: 1.8 million words in total. The texts were produced between the years 900 and 1100 AD. Faulkner has extracted the text of each of the 978 items from the database as .txt files, which may be downloaded for searching and analysis.

Medieval Monastic Project - resources and manuscripts for the study of early medieval monasticism. - database of medieval charters, focusing on Austrian archives, and including many images.

Nomen et Gens - prosopographical and etymological database of names from across continental Europe in the 4th-8th centuries.

Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England (PASE) - database of all identifiable individuals from Anglo-Saxon sources.

Prosopography of the Byzantine Empire - database of identifiable individuals from early Byzantine sources.

Race 101 for Early Medieval Studies  - an ongoing bibliography compiled by Dr. Erik Wade and Dr. M. Rambaran-Olm for the teaching and study of medieval perceptions and depictions of race, with a particular focus on early literature. The resource also contains a separate list of studies by foundational Critical Race scholars.

Regesta Imperii - database of 'registers' of Frankish and German rulers as well as popes from 751-1519, recording their movements and activities as attested by charters and other sources. 

RI-Opac - bibliographic database covering medieval studies in all major European languages.

Volterra - resource list for the study of late antique and early medieval law.

Checklist of Coin Hoards from the British Isles, c. 450-1180 - a comprehensive list of coin hoards from the Anglo-Saxon, Norman and early Angevin periods. It is hosted by the Fitzwilliam Museum in Cambridge and features a thorough bibliography. 

Corpus of Early Medieval Coin Finds (EMC) & Sylloge of Coins of the British Isles (SCIB) - database of roughly 60,000 searchable coins with images and detailed descriptions. It is a combination of two separate complementary projects of the Fitzwilliam Museum and the British Academy.  


Carleton Medieval Primary Sources - various early and central medieval source translations.

Carolingian Polyptyques - translations and Latin editions of polyptyques, sources for early medieval social and economic history.

Early Christian Texts - text and translations of various early church councils, letters and treatises.

Global Medieval Sourcebook - The Global Medieval Sourcebook spans one thousand years (600-1600) of literary production around the world. It contains short texts of broad interdisciplinary interest in a variety of genres, almost all of which have not previously been translated into English.

Historian on the Edge's handlist of primary source translations - guide to published English translations of sources from Britain and Europe c.300-800.

The Historian's Sketchpad - translations and commentaries for 9th-11th-century France and its neighbours on Fraser McNair's blog.

Internet Medieval Sourcebook - translated sources (many in extract) on a variety of topics from across the Middle Ages.

Teachers of Old English in Britain and Ireland - TOEBI brings together a selection of language resources, manuscript collections, full texts and links to blogs and other media, curated for the teaching of Old English literature and language.

Turbulent Priests - translations and commentaries mostly pertaining to Carolingian and post-Carolingian Europe on Charles West's blog.

Manuscript collections and resources

Abbildungsverzeichnis der europäischen Kaiser- und Königsurkunden - collection of images of royal and imperial charters issued by Frankish rulers and their successors up to c.1200.

Bamberg Staatsbibliothek - digitised manuscripts from the Bamberg State Library.

Bayerische Landesbibliothek Online - digitised manuscripts from Bavarian archives and libraries.

British Library Digitised Manuscripts - searchable digitised collection of the BL.

DigiPal - database resource for Anglo-Saxon and Anglo-Norman palaeography in c.1000-1100.

DigiVatLib - digitised manuscript archive of the Vatican Library.

e-chartae - digitised charters from the abbey of St Gall, the best preserved early medieval monastic archive north of the Alps.

e-codices - digitised collections of Swiss archives, including the abbey of St Gall.

Gallica - vast collection of digitised manuscripts and books from the Bibliothèque nationale de France in Paris.

Marburg Lichtbildarchiv - bank of images of original medieval charters.

Medieval Libraries of Great Britain - reconstructions of medieval libraries, bringing together the evidence of surviving books and surviving medieval catalogues.

Münchener DigitalisierungsZentrum (MDZ) - digitised manuscripts and books from the Bavarian State Library in Munich.

Polonsky Foundation: Medieval England and France 700-1200 - collaborative digitisation project of the British Library and the Bibliothèque nationale de France.

Previous theses

EThOS - provides a national aggregated record of all doctoral theses awarded by UK Higher Education institutions, and free access to the full text of as many theses as possible.


Open Access Theses and Dissertations (OATD) - indexes records of theses from institutions across the world and provides a simple search interface.


American doctoral Dissertations (EBSCOhost) - access a comprehensive record of dissertations accepted by American universities during that time period, the print index Doctoral Dissertations Accepted by American Universities. Contains more than 172,000 theses and dissertations in total from 1902 to the present.

Digital manuscript collections
Previous theses

Last updated by Cristina Alvarez - 19/07/2023

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